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network interface card (NIC)


Network Interface Card (NIC) is also referred to as an Ethernet card. Its also caled network adapter. It is an expansion card that enables a computer to connect to a network; such as a home network, or the Internet using an Ethernet cable with an RJ-45 connector. NICs are used for a wired connection

Its  provides with a dedicated, full-time connection to a network. Personal computers and workstations on a local area network (LAN); typically contain a network interface card specifically designed for the LAN transmission technology.

Due to the popularity and low cost of the Ethernet standard, most new computers have a network interface build directly into the motherboard. Figure 2.8 show a different type of NIC cards.

Network interface card (NIC)

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